European Ways to Combat Psychosocial Risks Related to Work Organisation
Towards Organisational Interventions?
2004 – The PEROSH* pilar group on ‘psychosocial factors and workorganisation’ had a meeting November 2002 on: Organizational interventions to combat psychosocial factors of stress.
The participants were asked to prepare a ‘Statement-paper on the situation of their home country’.
Represented were: Denmark, Sweden, Germany, Poland, France, Spain, Italy, Belgium, Finland, Netherlands and United Kingdom.
These statements were gathered and edited to become an extended report (see below).
‘Stress’ was described as: ‘all work related psychosocial factors’. To support the description of the situation in their home countries, four possible approaches of projects on stress along two dimensions were distinguished: A) Focus on explaining stress and stress effects and B) Focus on interventions and measures to combat stress. In a quadrant (low/high) the two dimensions lead to four approaches:
- psychological and sociological approaches to explain stress by job and organisational characteristics;
- psychological approaches to explain stress by individual behavioural characteristics;
- psychological, sociological and management science approaches to combat stress by job and organisational interventions;
- psychological approaches to combat stress by interventions at individual level.
Many contextual factors were differing. However there were some interesting shared findings:
- a legal framework (1989 European Framework Directive),
- general models for diagnosing stress (like Karasek’s),
- the observation that the body of organisational intervention experiences is fairly small compared to individual interventions experiences,
- Methodological difficulties to evaluate the impact of measures.
Peter R.A. Oeij & Evelyne Morvan (Eds), ‘European Ways to Combat Psychosocial Risks, Related to Work Organisation: Towards Organisational Interventions?’; © 2004 TNO Work and Employment / PEROSH. ISBN 90-5986-134-5
- PEROSH: Partnership for European Research on Occupational Safety and Health
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